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12 January, 2016

Chinese dynasties

Chinese dynasties

Today we are leaving behind the luxury hotel in Alicante Asia Gardens Hotel & Thai Spa to go in depth into the history of China and discover more about its different dynasties. Are you coming with us?

The many different Chinese dynasties have left an important legacy throughout history. There are two periods: Ancient China and Imperial Era.

Ancient China includes Xia dynasty, Shang dynasty and Zhou dynasty.

The first dynasty in the history of China is Xia dynasty (2100-1600 B.C.). It was established in the 21st century B.C. along the Yellow River. During this period, the first Chinese calendar was created.

The second Chinese dynasty was Shang dynasty (1600-1100 B.C.). This dynasty was defeated by a village of Zhou.

 

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@jeffkrause (Flickr)

 

The Zhou dynasty ruled China between 1045 B.C. and 256 B.C. The dynasty divided the kingdom in different states under the order of local governors. During this period, people started to use money instead of bartering.

The Imperial Era is made up by Qin dynasty, Han dynasty, Jin dynasty, Sui dynasty, Tang dynasty, Song dynasty, Yuan dynasty, Ming dynasty and Qing dynasty.

During Qin dynasty, the king becomes the emperor. Chinese civilisation progressed in different methodologies such as writing and archaeology.

Han dynasty (206 B.C.-220A.D.) consisted of two dynasties: the Western Han (206 BC – 24 A.D.) and the Eastern Han (25 – 220). During the Han Dynasty, commerce, agriculture and industry were well developed.

 

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@asipos49 (Flickr)

 

Han Dynasty was followed by the Three Kingdoms Period (220-265) of Wei, Shu, and Wu.

The Jin Dynasty consists of two dynasties, the Western Jin (265 -316) and the Eastern Jin (317 – 420). Jin´s kingdom was ruled by Sao and Sima clans.

The Sixteen Kingdoms was a period in Chinese history from 304 to 439 in which the country fractures into different sovereign states, which were founded by ethnic minority people.

Preceded by the Eastern Jin Dynasty and followed by the Sui Dynasty, the Southern and Northern Dynasties lasted from 440 to 589.

Sui dynasty (581-618) was founded by Yang Jian, also known as Emperador Wendi. During this period there was a strong rise of Buddhism.

Tang dynasty was established in Chang’an (Xi’an) in 618. It is considered a period of splendour of Chinese civilisation. China progressed in arts, science and technology.

Song dynasty was founded by the soldier Zhao Kuangyb in 960. During this period, the country experienced a great economic development. It consisted of the Northern Song (960-1127) and the Southern Song (1127-1279).

 

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@asipos49 (Flickr)

 

Yuan dynasty was under the order of the Mongolian Empire, with Gengis Khan in the lead. This period was marked by an important social instability.

Ming dynasty was founded by Zhu Yuanzhang in 1368. During this period, China became the first maritime power.

The last Chinese dynasty was the Qing´s one. During their reign, the region experienced big conflicts such as the Opium Wars and the Sino-Japanese War.

Forget those long-haul flights to enjoy an authentic Asian experience… Escape to our Asian paradise in the heart of the Mediterranean Asia Gardens Hotel & Thai Spa and relax a few days off under the sun.

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